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Barming Pre-School and Primary School

Be Kind, Be Safe, Be Responsible And Make Good Choices

Barming Pre-School and Primary School

Be Kind, Be Safe, Be Responsible And Make Good Choices

Welcome to Term 5 - Monday 15th April to Friday 24th May!
Welcome to Barming Pre-School and Primary School
We are a 2 form entry primary school on the outskirts of Maidstone. It is a co-educational school for children aged 2 to 11 years old. There are currently 416 children on roll.
A Message from the Headteacher
Barming Primary School has so much to offer. Everyone is welcome and children are encouraged to flourish and achieve their goals. Come and find out what we are all about!
Orchard Academy Trust
Barming Primary School is an Academy and is part of the Orchard Trust family of schools. The Trust currently consists of Allington Primary School and Barming Primary School.

Supporting Trauma and Neglect

Trauma and Neglect

What is trauma?


Psychological trauma can be described as a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event or series of events.   Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one’s ability to cope or integrate the emotions involved with that experience.


Trauma can take many forms:

  • It can take the form of a momentous event, explosive and sudden, a moment in time that becomes life-changing.
  • Trauma can take the form of a corrosive, attritional, depleting force, an almost unending sequence of interactions or events, sustained over long periods of time.
  • Trauma can also result from a reinterpretation or realisation of past life events, as are some cases of childhood sexual abuse and exploitation.


In all cases, childhood trauma can have debilitating effects long into adulthood, affecting health, employment, emotional wellbeing, mental health and, of course, learning and education outcomes.

Possible reactions to trauma:


A child or young person’s response to trauma will depend on a wide range of factors: their age, inherited characteristics that impact on personality, stage of development, whether they have dependable strong and stable relationships with key adults (parents, grandparents, older siblings, or significant others such as other relatives/friends, carers… teachers) and the impact of the trauma on their parents.


Physical symptoms:

  • Tiredness
  • Headaches
  • Stomach aches



  • Problems with concentrating or paying attention
  • Clingy behaviour
  • Separation anxiety
  • Sleep problems
  • Irritable behaviour



  • Sudden outbursts of aggressive or violent behaviour to events that should not result in such actions



  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Loss of confidence
  • Not wanting to talk or regressing to more ‘babyish’ ways of behaving



  • Needing to relive the experience, for example, through repetitive play or drawings.   The child may be overly concerned about the possibility of future events or may have nightmares.


Some children or young people might seem to cope well at first, but can experience reactions to trauma days, weeks, months or even years later!

A Strategy to support children dealing with trauma:


Problem-free talk:

This is not just limited to verbal discussions, it could be other forms of interaction like drawing, play-acting or other activities.   Problem-free talking is a positive start to a solution-focused process.


Inviting the child to begin with describing their likes and strengths will communicate to them that there is more to them than just the problem.


  • What do you like?
  • What are you good at?
  • What does it take to be good at that?
  • What are your strengths?
  • What are you most proud of?


The aim of problem-free talk is to help the child to discover positive things about themselves.   However, if a child needs to unburden themselves, they may need to spend some time on talking about problems at the outset of a session, to get this off their chest.   During this time, it is important to listen to them and to acknowledge what they tell you, while listening out for ways that you can draw the conversation towards solutions.   For example, you may say, “That sounds difficult, how did you cope with that situation?”


If you are worried about your child due to experiencing trauma, please speak to a member of staff or a medical profession.


What is neglect?


Neglect is the ongoing failure to meet a child's basic needs and the most common form of child abuse.   A child might be left hungry or dirty, or without proper clothing, shelter, supervision or health care.   This can put children and young people in danger and it can also have long term effects on their physical and mental wellbeing.

Types of neglect

Neglect can be a lot of different things, which can make it hard to spot. But broadly speaking, there are 4 types of neglect.


1) Physical neglect:

A child's basic needs, such as food, clothing or shelter, are not met or they aren't properly supervised or kept safe.


2) Educational neglect:

A parent doesn't ensure their child is given an education.


3) Emotional neglect:

A child doesn't get the nurture and stimulation they need. This could be through ignoring, humiliating, intimidating or isolating them.


4) Medical neglect:

A child isn't given proper health care. This includes dental care and refusing or ignoring medical recommendations.

Signs of neglect


Neglect can be really difficult to spot. Having one of the signs doesn't necessarily mean a child is being neglected. But if you notice multiple signs that last for a while, they might show there's a serious problem. Children and young people who are neglected might have:



Poor appearance and hygiene:

  • being smelly or dirty
  • being hungry or not given money for food
  • having unwashed clothes
  • having the wrong clothing, such as no warm clothes in winter
  • having frequent and untreated nappy rash in infants.



Health and development problems:

  • anaemia
  • body issues, such as poor muscle tone or prominent joints
  • medical or dental issues
  • missed medical appointments, such as for vaccinations
  • not given the correct medicines
  • poor language or social skills
  • regular illness or infections
  • repeated accidental injuries, often caused by lack of supervision
  • skin issues, such as sores, rashes, flea bites, scabies or ringworm
  • thin or swollen tummy
  • tiredness
  • untreated injuries
  • weight or growth issues.



Housing and family issues:

  • living in an unsuitable home environment, such as having no heating
  • being left alone for a long time
  • taking on the role of carer for other family members.



Change in behaviour:

  • becoming clingy
  • becoming aggressive
  • being withdrawn, depressed or anxious
  • changes in eating habits
  • displaying obsessive behaviour
  • finding it hard to concentrate or take part in activities
  • missing school
  • showing signs of self-harm

using drugs or alcohol.

If a child reveals abuse:


A child who is being neglected might not realise what’s happening is wrong. And they might even blame themselves. If a child talks to you about neglect it’s important to:


  • listen carefully to what they're saying
  • let them know they've done the right thing by telling you
  • tell them it's not their fault
  • say you'll take them seriously
  • don't confront the alleged abuser
  • explain what you'll do next

report what the child has told you as soon as possible.

Effects of neglect:

Neglect changes childhood. Children who've been neglected might experience short-term and long-term effects.


These can include:

  • problems with brain development
  • taking risks, like running away from home, using drugs and alcohol or breaking the law
  • getting into dangerous relationships
  • difficulty with relationships later in life, including with their own children
  • a higher chance of having mental health problems, including depression

Who's at risk?


Any child can suffer neglect. But some children and young people are more at risk than others. These include children who:


  • are born prematurely
  • have a disability
  • have complex health needs
  • are in care
  • are seeking asylum.

Other problems and life circumstances:


Other problems and life circumstances can make it harder for parents and carers to meet their child's needs. When one or more of these issues occur, it can put a child at risk of neglect.


Domestic abuse

Children living in home where there's domestic abuse are more likely to experience other types of abuse and neglect.


Drugs or alcohol

Children living with parents with alcohol or drug problems can be more at risk of harm and neglect. These issues can make it difficult for parents and carers to look after their children.


History of abuse

Being abused or neglected as child doesn't mean someone will go on to harm others. But a lot of people who abuse or neglect children have experienced it themselves. We've got support for adults who faced abuse as children.


Learning disabilities

Just because a parent has learning disabilities or difficulties it doesn't mean they aren't a great mum or dad. But some parents can struggle to understand what they need to do to provide proper care for their child. In some cases, this can lead to a child being neglected.


Mental health

Most parents or carers with a mental health problem give their children the love, care and support they need. But some might struggle at certain times. This can mean children might be at a higher risk of abuse or neglect.


Living in poverty

Housing and money worries can put a lot of stress on parents. This can stop them being able to provide the practical and emotional support that children need, which can lead to neglect.


Lack of support

Family, friends, neighbours or the wider community can give parents the support they need to help keep their child safe. But sometimes parents don't have this support which can put children at a higher risk of neglect.

Support For parents and carers from the NSPCC:


We run therapeutic services for families under pressure:


•          Building Blocks

•          Parents Under Pressure™.


Find out more about all our services, including how to get in touch with ones in your area.


Family Lives offer a free and confidential helpline service for families.   You can talk to them about any aspect of parenting and family life.   Call 0808 800 2222 or email

For children and young people:


How Childline can help?


Children and young people can get support and advice about neglect from Childline if they're facing neglect or if they're worried about a friend or family member.   Whether it's happening now or happened in the past, Childline can be contacted 24/7.   Calls to 0800 1111 are free and confidential.   Children can also contact Childline online.


If you are worried about a child being neglected, please speak to a member of staff, external agency above or a medical profession.


  • Barming Pre-School and Primary School,
  • Belmont Close, Barming,
  • Maidstone, Kent,
  • ME16 9DY
  • 01622 726472